International Conference on Advanced Research in Virtual and Rapid Prototyping

Oradores Convidados 2017


Seminar | Green thermosets:  Nanocomposites of  Rosin/Maghnite | December 13, 2017 | 12:00h




The work that has been done in these last 3 months involved both the chemical modification of the Algerian nanoclay by an organophilic treatment and also the linking of the Rosin with an Ionic liquid and a poly ionic liquid in order to enhance the properties of the rosin and to make them more suitable for the preparation of the nanocomposites linked-rosin/nanoclay. FT-IR, NMR analysis confirmed the efficient linkage of the rosin with the ionic liquid and the poly ionic liquid. The TGA analysis showed a significant improvement in the thermal properties with a way higher thermal degradation temperature in the case of the linked compounds. Further investigation will be done for the potential applications.




Aniss Zaoui:

I am a 26 Years old phd scholar since 2015 under the supervision of professor Belbachir Mohammed at the laboratory of polymer chemistry in Oran-Algeria. I obtained a Msc.catalysis and green chemistry in 2013 from the university of Tlemcen-Algeria and another Msc in the field of organic chemistry at the university of paris-saclay in 2014. My thesis main research work focuses on the preparation of ionic liquids, polyionic liquids and also polyionic liquids based nanocomposites


Zakaria Cherifi:

I am a 28 Years old phd scholar since 2015 under the supervision of professor Meghaber Rachid at the laboratory of polymer chemistry in Oran-Algeria. I performed a Msc.polymer and green chemistry in 2013 from the university of Oran-Algeria. My thesis work focuses on the preparation of macromonomers based on glycidyl methacrylate monomer and also poly glycidyl methacrylate/nanoclay based nanocomposites.


Seminar | A Project on the History of Plastics in Portugal | November 8, 2017 | 12:15h




This talk aims to present an interdisciplinary project on aspects of the history of plastics in Portugal, by basing itself on technical-scientific, industrial, social-historical studies, as well as studies pertaining to the history of science and technology and material culture.


The project intends to perform a full history of plastics, in order to bring to light : the techno-scientific aspects of plastics (and its communication to the general public); the need to preserve plastic objects; the role of plastics in the development of the industrial design, not just as corporate strategy but also in everyday life; the relationship of the plastic industry with their bodies (local workers and elite) and other industries (electrical and glass); energy and environmental issues related to plastics. We plan to set up a museum, in Leiria, to carry out studies on conservation, historical, technological and scientific research of plastics.


One of the purposes of this project is to study the impact of plastics in the Portuguese society, since its arrival in the mid-1930’s, through Bakelite, the first true plastic, in an agricultural country, without chemical research and technology nor an industrial tradition, in contrast with the more advanced industrial nations, where plastic had already assumed its position as an emblem of modernity.

The plastics industry has come to occupy a prominent place in the economies of industrialized countries since the inter-war period until the present day. The talk will reflect on how this development should be put on display in museums with important collections of plastics objects. Starting with Baquelite Liz, a company located in Leiria- centre of Portugal- the birthplace of the plastics manufacturing industry, that has worked in plastics since 1940, our intent is to carry out tasks such as the surveying and cataloguing of its estate, respective manufacturing methods, in addition to its impact on the social and cultural life of the region, and expand this work to other similar businesses. On the other hand, special attention will be devoted to Portuguese collections of plastic materials.

Maria Elvira Callapez, associate Prof. at Lusófona University of Humanities and Technologies



Maria Elvira Callapez holds a B. Sc. in Applied Chemistry, Branch: Organic Chemistry (1993), and a M. Sc. in History and Philosophy of Science (1998), and PhD in History and Philosophy of Science (2002). Her PhD thesis was on Technology Transfer –  The Introduction in Portugal of PVC Industry by CIRES.  She has been Associate Prof. at Lusófona University of Humanities and Technologies since 2007. From 2004 to 2007 she was a Post Doc at University of California, Berkeley (UCB) in the Office for History of Science & Technology, on the analysis of the prohibition of substances used by the plastics industry, namely the use of phthalates in the production of toys made of PVC for babies and children under 5 years of age. Her research interests and publications focus on the history of chemical engineering teaching in Portugal, material culture studies, history of plastics in Portugal, technology transfer and environmental regulation. She has been working with elementary and high school teachers on science education projects.

She has been member of executive committee of International Committee for the History of Technology (ICOHTEC), since 2011. Currently she is a visiting scholar at UCB, and a research fellow at Centro Interuniversitário de História da Ciência e Tecnologia-Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa. She is PI of a awarded research project ( PTDC/IVC-HFC/174/2014, on Contributions for a History of Plastics in Portugal, funded by Foundation of Science and Technology.”




Seminário | 4 Outubro, 12h15 | Fabrico Aditivo por Extrusão de Cerâmico Tradicional | CDRsp- IPLeiria



O fabrico aditivo de materiais cerâmicos, camada a camada, é um tema com espaço para investigação e desenvolvimento. No âmbito do projeto Direct.Ceramic, é objetivo para este trabalho desenvolver um estudo preliminar acerca do comportamento do material cerâmico faiança quando associado ao fabrico aditivo por extrusão, ou impressão tridimensional. A metodologia utilizada para o fim proposto é baseada na impressão, em barbotina, de formas geométricas simples como cilindros ou prismas, consequente análise das suas dimensões antes e após etapas de processamento características destes materiais e avaliação do efeito da variação de alguns parâmetros da impressão tridimensional (velocidade de avanço, altura de camada, diâmetro de extrusão) na geometria e no aspeto das peças impressas. É efetuada análise estatística dos resultados obtidos. Concluiremos que a impressão 3D, de material cerâmico, não é bem-sucedida com o processo utilizado e que todos os parâmetros em variação influenciam a espessura de cada camada impressa.


Mauro Roberto Mendonça Antunes, diretor de Qualidade na empresa Eschmann Textura Internacional



Nascido em 01/07/1979 em Nazaré

Habilitações académicas: Técnico de Artes Gráficas (Escola Profissional de Leiria); Curso Especialização Tecnológica em Gestão da Qualidade (ESTG/IPL); Licenciatura em Engenharia Mecânica (ESTG/IPL)


Workshop | 14 September, 10h00-13h00 |Direct Digital Manufacturing: nano-manufacturing  


10h00 – Open Session |Nuno Alves, Diretor CDRSP-IPLeiria

10h15 – From micro to nano: a pathway to tailor biomedical applications | Pedro Morouço, CDRSP-IPLeiria

10h45 – Mimicking the double scale wrinkles of 2D surfaces for 3D printing | Paula Piedade, CEMMPRE, DEM, FCTUC

11h30 – Coffee Break

11h45 – Two-photon polymerization based 3D microprinting for Bio-medical applications | Rameez Ahmad, Nanoscribe GmbH

13h00 – Lunch



From micro to nano: a pathway to tailor biomedical applications  



Only the complexity of human tissues could justify that in the 80’s Tissue Engineering (TE) emerged as a scientific field with an enormous potential. Targeting to regenerate bone, cartilage, skin, or other tissues and organs, bridging the anatomy with its physiology/function is a paramount challenge to be solved. Several efforts have been made, by research groups spread worldwide, to develop constructs that could mimic native tissues. Due to its nature TE gathers scientists, engineers and physicians in multidisciplinary teams using a variety of methods to construct biological substitutes. While there are different approaches used for TE, the most emergent and promising method is biofabrication. We have recently defined it as “the automated generation of biologically functional products with structural organization from living cells, bioactive molecules, biomaterials, cell aggregates such as micro-tissues, or hybrid cell-material constructs, through Bioprinting or Bioassembly and subsequent tissue maturation processes”.

Bioprinting is attracting a lot of research teams presenting an exponential increase in published works for the last 3 years. Meanwhile, 3D bioprinting market was valued at $98.6 million in 2015, and an annual grow of 36% for the next 6 years is expected. The existing and expected progress on printing technology will be presented.


Pedro Morouço, CDRSP-IPLeiria



Pedro Morouço is the Head of R&D Biofabrication Group at the Centre for Rapid and Sustainable Product Development – Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, Portugal, with a PhD specialized in Biomechanics. His research activity focuses, mostly, on products and processes engineering, aiming to bringing the gap between the lab and in vivo applications. In the last years, he has been invited to collaborate in several national and international projects. He has authored over 150 research items as book chapters, papers in peer review journals and conference proceedings. In 2017, he received the Hans Gros Emerging Researcher Award from the ISBS.



Mimicking the double scale wrinkles of 2D surfaces for 3D printing



The 3D printing of scaffolds of polymeric materials has reached its cruise phase. Nevertheless, in order to really explore all the features of polymeric additive manufacturing some challenges still remain unsolved, namely the ability to produce the desired 3D architecture but with the appropriate topographic surface. This challenge is upraised when considering that most of the developed work indicates that sub-micron and nanometric topographies are most relevant for the interaction of the produced biomaterial with the eukaryotic cells. In this presentation it is exemplified the production of double scale wrinkled surfaces, by sputtering, with different chemistry obtained by using graphite and polyamide targets. The influence of chemical and topographic cues was evaluated by studying their interface with rat embryo cortex cells.


Paula Piedade, CEMMPRE, DEM, FCTUC



Ana Paula da Fonseca Piedade has a BSc in Biochemistry, a MSc in Cellular Biology and a PhD in Mechanical Engineering – Materials Science & Engineering. She is currently Auxiliary Professor at the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Coimbra and head of the Bioengineering and Polymer Synthesis Group of CEMMPRE (former CEMUC). She co-authored more than 40 scientific research papers and more than 100 communications in National and International Conferences. She has coordinated and participated in more than 30 research projects, both National and International, some of them in industrial environment. Her supervision experience includes the concluded supervision of one PhD and twenty-six Master Thesis. Currently she is supervising two post-docs, two PhD students and 4 MSc students. The supervision of graduation students includes the fields of Mechanical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Materials Engineering, Environmental Management and Technology and Biology (Masters).

Among her different and complementary competences, it can be highlighted the surface modification of materials, including sputtering and “wet-chemistry” approaches, for several applications, with particularly evidence in Biomaterials. Also the production and characterization of 2D and 3D materials, both organic and inorganic, hybrid nanocomposites, functional gradient thin films and antimicrobial surfaces.



 Two-photon polymerization based 3D microprinting for Bio-medical applications



The achievements of the two-photon polymerization based world’s highest resolution 3D micro-printer will be presented. The device offers a defined control on the feature sizes and resolutions ranging from nanometer to micrometer scale and accessible print area of ~ cm2. The complete freedom of design in three dimensions that our device offers, when coupled with intuitive minds of our customers, opens new frontiers in the field of metamaterials, bio-medical, micro robotics, microfluidics etc.

In this talk, this art of 3D micro-printing will be explained with a focus on customers’ applications in the field of bio-medical and life sciences. Prominent examples include artificially designed and μ-CT scan derived 3D cell scaffolds, magnetically actuated microrobots for targeted drug delivery and for transport of individual sperm cells etc.


Rameez Ahmad, Nanoscribe GmbH


Workshop organization: CDRSP-IPLeiria

Local: CDRSP-IPLeiria, Zona Industrial da Marinha Grande


Seminar | 20 September, 12h00 | Project coolGRAFENO – graphene as solution for micro mold rapid cooling: constructal optimization | CDRSP-IPLEIRIA



The mold cooling is one of the most important phases in the molding cycle, comprising more than half of the total cycle time. This affects the final quality of the part and the production rate of the mold. Therefore, the design of a mold cooling channel system is essential to improve its thermal management and achieve a better control over the cycle time. The hardening of small thin wall plastic parts with complex geometries is one of the most challenging problems in the plastics injection industry, since we need to ensure quality, distortion-free plastic parts. The solution lies in optimizing the cooling system, changing materials and developing unconventional geometries compatible with the geometry of the part.


Miguel Clemente, Researcher CDRSP-IPLeiria



Miguel Clemente is a Research Grant Holder at CDRSP-IPLeiria since April 2017. He has a MSc in Mechanical Engineering from University of Coimbra, received in 2015. Since then he has co-supervised three Master Degree Students. His research interests are termal management optimization and the constructal law.



Workshop | 27 July, 18h00 | Microfabrication Technology (Productive Innovation at ATT – ATT2015) 



The development of new microdevices depends on manufacturing systems that can reliably and economically produce microparts in large quantities. Microinjection moulding of polymer materials is one of the key technologies for micromanufacturing.
Due to the steady increasing demand for complex microparts, techniques capable of creating these features are important. However, some lack the capability to produce complex 3D shapes with high surface quality.


surface in 1.2083 – laser beam at left and the same surface after electron beam machining at right (better roughness)


Workshop organization: CDRSP-IPLeiria & Advanced Tool Technology (ATT), company from Vangest Group.

Local: CDRSP-IPLeiria, Zona Industrial da Marinha Grande


Seminar | 12 July, 11h00 | Bioengineering and Regenerative Medicine in Temporomandibular Joint



The biomaterials and bioengineering field represent tomorrow´s healthcare. The progress of orthopedic treatments is deeply related to the development of bioengineering of materials. In the temporomandibular joint there is a great need to deepen the knowledge of the articular pathology and to improve the treatments for severe cases. This presentation will focus on the last works developed by CDRSP in the area of the temporomandibular joint, including the presentation of the TEMPOJIMS study (Temporomandibular Joint Interposal Material Study).

David Ângelo, MD Stomatology Department – Setúbal Hospital / PhD Student – Faculty of Medicine, Lisbon University / Researcher CDRSP-IPL



David Ângelo was born in Switzerland in 1985. He has a master’s degree in Medicine from Faculty of Health Sciences – Beira Interior University. In 2016 he concluded the medical specialty of of Stomatology at Hospital de Santa Maria in Lisbon. He devlepos his clinical activity in the Hospital de Sao Bernardo and in the Hospital da Luz in Setúbal. He is a CEO and founder of the Portuguese Facial Institute ( and Blocomed ( He started the PhD in Medicine at the Faculty of Medicine of Lisbon in 2014. His research project has won 7 research awards. He integrates the CDRSP research team since 2015.



Seminar | 19 April, 12h00 | Industrial Mathematics: a key technology for driving innovation



Mathematics underpins all of modern science and technology. However, advances in mathematical research are not always applied to maximum advantage in industry. Since 2007, the mathematical community in Portugal has been promoting, on a yearly basis, study groups with industry. The purpose of these one-week meetings is to strengthen the links between academia and industry by using mathematics to tackle the challenges proposed by the industrial partners. Irrespectively or how successful these internationally recognised problem-solving forums are for knowledge transfer between mathematics and industry, it is only coupled with other initiatives that their outcome will have a lasting positive influence on the productive sector.

In this talk, we will give an overview of the study groups held in Portugal to date and report progress towards building efficient interactions between industry and academic mathematicians in Europe. In particular, we will present the activities that are being undertaken by several European institutions like ECMI (European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry) and discuss strategies to facilitate more effective widespread application of mathematics to all industrial sectors.

In the last part of this talk, we will present a project that brings together mathematicians, physicists, engineers and medical doctors, concerned with the characterization of the ageing process of the retina as detected by imaging techniques as the Optical Coherence Tomography  in health and disease.


Adérito Araújo CMUC, Department of Mathematics, University of Coimbra



Adérito Araújo is an Associate Professor at the University in Coimbra, Portugal. He received his Ph.D. in 1998 in applied mathematics from the University of Coimbra on the topic of Additive Symplectic Integrators. Since that date, he has been an active member of the Numerical Analysis and Optimization group of the Centre of Mathematics of the University of Coimbra maintaining active collaboration with engineers, doctors, physicists and chemists in several interdisciplinary projects. His research interests include the development of mathematical and numerical models for biomedical applications, in particular, for image processing and light propagation in human retina. He is in the Management Committee of the COST Action TD1409 Mathematics for Industry network (MI-NET) and in the scientific coordination of the Study Groups with Industry in Portugal. He is actually the Vice-President of ECMI (European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry) and the Vice-President of the Portuguese Mathematical Society.





Seminar | 18 April, 12h00 | Integrated System: Quality, R&D and Innovation – proposal to implement in a Research Unit



Managing knowledge is nowadays a critical and fundamental topic for any organization survival. There are some international and national documents to support its implementation such as ISO 9001 and NP4457.

The Center for Rapid and Sustainable Development (CDRSP) Direction Board identified knowledge management as a key-question and decided to implement those Standards at CDRSP. This presentation will focus on the ISO 9001 and NP4457 Standards, its  purpose, expected benefits, how they can be integrated and implemented in a Research Center.


Márcia Figueiredo, CDRSP / IPLeiria



Márcia Figueiredo is a CDRsp Researcher of the Polytechnic Institute of Leiria since September 2015. She achieved a Superior Hygiene and Safety Technician at work at ISLA Leiria (Superior Institute of Administration and Languages) and Superior Quality and Environment Technician (also in the same institute). She finished her first graduation in Entrepreneurial Relations at Catholic University of Leiria, and received her master degree in Management from the Catholic University of Viseu (Economic, Management and Social Sciences Department) in 2016.She cooperated on developing a Quality and R&D integrated system to implement in de Centre, according to the NP EN ISO 9001:2015 and NP 4457:2007 norms. She worked several years in mold and plastic organizations has Quality, Safety and Health and Environmental Responsible.




Seminário | 12 Abril, 12h00 | PRODUÇÃO CENTRADA NO SER HUMANO: A perspetiva da ergonomia



As intervenções ergonómicas podem assumir um potencial considerável para a melhoria da saúde músculo-esquelética no trabalho, através da análise global do sistema de trabalho. Os estudos realizados nas últimas décadas em situações de trabalho industrial, constituem, ainda hoje, um referencial para caracterizarmos este tipo de situações. As imposições de tempo, de repetitividade gestual, de execução de sequências operatórias e a sua afectação com carácter exclusivo a cada operador, de manutenção de posições estáticas, não obstante a necessidade permanente de organização postural, poderão, no seu conjunto, ter consequências múltiplas, entre as quais, a ocorrência de disfunções músculo-esqueléticas. É neste sentido que se pode afirmar que as lesões músculo-esqueléticas não são um problema isolado. Uma intervenção ergonómica terá como base a construção progressiva de um conhecimento, cimentado quer no conhecimento do sistema de produção, na sua globalidade, quer na consequente análise das situações de trabalho que serão objecto de intervenção, a partir de uma recolha de informação no terreno e do contacto com os diferentes atores do sistema. Os projetos em curso serão apresentados neste seminário.


Maria Filomena Carnide, FMH / UL – Faculdade de Motricidade Humana da Universidade de Lisboa



Maria Filomena Carnide, desempenha funções de Vice-Presidente da Faculdade de Motricidade Humana da Universidade de Lisboa (FMH-UL), desde 2014. Professora Assistente do departamento de desporto e saúde, doutorada em motricidade humana na especialidade de ergonomia da FMH-UL, desde 2003. Investigadora do grupo de investigação Neuromecânica do Centro de Investigação CIPER da FMH-UL desde 2007 (, membro do Laboratório de Biomecânica e Morfologia Funcional desde 2009. Como Investigadora, é responsável por diversos projetos, nomeadamente no sector automóvel “Evaluation of biomechanical load on the musculoskeletal system. Development and application of experimental and modelling methodologies” e também da área do envelhecimento ativo “Frailty Assessment in Elderly People and Risk Stratification for Falls and Disability: Determination of an Objective and Simplified Frailty Index”.




Seminário | 29 Março, 12h00 | Avaliação da Fiabilidade em Estruturas de Betão Armado Reforçadas com FRP



A fiabilidade estrutural considera o tratamento das incertezas que podem levar ao colapso de estruturas. A contribuição desta área na análise de estruturas existentes permite avaliar o risco inerente ao património edificado, incluindo em estruturas de betão armado, considerando: o património estrutural já edificado, que devido a vários fenómenos de envelhecimento apresenta tempos de vida úteis mais reduzidos ao inicialmente previstos; e cenários de reabilitação/reforço estrutural recorrendo ao uso de polímeros reforçados com fibras (FRP) por colagem externa, que devido às suas vantagens técnicas têm vindo a ganhar terreno nas últimas décadas.

Esta apresentação pretende abordar o tema da fiabilidade estrutural em estruturas de betão armado. Numa primeira parte, será feita uma breve introdução à fiabilidade estrutural. De seguida será feita uma abordagem de casos de estudo em estruturas de betão armado reforçadas com FRP.


Sara Maria de Oliveira Gomes, CDRSP-IPL (Centro para o Desenvolvimento Rápido e Sustentado de Produto – Instituto Politécnico de Leiria)



Sara Gomes é licenciada em Engenharia Civil pelo Instituto Politécnico de Leiria e mestre também em Engenharia Civil pela Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro. Actualmente frequenta o programa doutoral em Engenharia Civil, ramo de Mecânica Estrutural, na Universidade de Coimbra. Desenvolve actividade de investigação na área de fiabilidade estrutural, no contexto da reabilitação estrutural, e é autora de artigos em conferências nacionais e internacionais. Mais recentemente integrou o grupo de investigação do CDRSP – Centro para o Desenvolvimento Rápido e Sustentável do Produto (Instituto Politécnico de Leiria).




Seminário | 15 Fevereiro, 14h30 | Ligas com Memória de Forma: Características e Aplicações



As ligas com memória de forma são uma classe de materiais funcionais com enormes potencialidades de aplicações práticas pela conjugação de duas características particularmente relevantes: efeito de memória de forma e superelasticidade. Estes dois mecanismos, de natureza física distinta, possibilitam um vasto leque de aplicações quer por parte de cada um deles isoladamente, quer como resultado de actuação dos dois em conjunto. A cabal compreensão do desempenho destas potenciais aplicações necessita de estar suportada por uma correcta percepção dos parâmetros que afectam o efeito de memória de foma e a superelasticidade.
Esta apresentação compreenderá por isso, numa primeira parte, uma muito breve introdução aos princípios subjacentes às características funcionais (efeito de memória de forma e superelasticidade) desta classe de materiais e à sua caracterização. Segue-se uma abordagem das principais aplicações até agora abordadas em estudos levados a cabo no CENIMAT e a indicação das possíveis extrapolações para aplicações de interesse na área da indústria dos moldes.

Francisco Manuel Bráz Fernandes | CENIMAT/I3N, Materials Science Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Portugal



Francisco Manuel Braz Fernandes, nasceu na Beira (Moçambique), em 1951. Obteve a Licenciatura em Engenharia Mecânica pelo Instituto Superior Técnico, em 1976, o Doutoramento em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais pela Escola de Minas de Nancy em 1985 (equivalência a Doutoramento pela UNL no mesmo ano) e o título de Agregado em Metalurgia Física e Mecânica pela FCT/UNL, em 2008. É Professor Associado no Departamento de Ciência dos Materiais e responsável pelo Grupo de Investigação de Materiais Estruturais do CENIMAT. Os seus interesses científicos estão actualmente centrados nas ligas com memória de forma e sua caracterização térmica, estrutural e mecânica, bem como nas condições de processamento termomecânico. Tem também realizado trabalho de investigação em aplicações destas ligas na área da Medicina Dentária (endo e ortodontia), Engenharia Mecânica (efeito de memória de forma e comportamento superelástico de juntas soldadas), Engenharia Civil (comportamento superelástico e monitorização de deformações). Tem actualmente mais de 140 publicações em revistas internacionais listadas na WoS, das quais mais de 60 são na área das ligas com memória de forma. Responsável pela orientação / co-orientação de 20 teses de mestrado (16 das quais na área das ligas com memória de forma) e 9 de doutoramento (6 das quais na área das ligas com memória de forma).